CONTENT

Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1 Acquaintance with the problem

1.1. Principle of the decision making process

1.1.1. Basic concepts

1.1.2. Place of decision making methods and facilities in the routine activities

1.2. Classification of decision making methods

1.2.1. Classification attributes of the decision making support methods

1.2.2. Decision making support and operations research

1.2.3. Means of acquisition and presentation of expert information

1.2.3.1. Kinds of expert information in the decision making support

1.2.3.2. Expert estimation model

1.2.3.3. Scale types and admissible operations

1.2.3.4. Relations in the empirical system and the choice of the scale type

1.3. Psychological aspects of decision making support

1.3.1. Psychical and physiological restrictions of human skills

1.3.2. Group intellect. Attributes, consequences, warning

Chapter 2 Collective decision making in expert estimations of alternatives on the single numerical criterion

2.1. Formulation of problem

2.2. Statistical approach

2.3. Spectral approach. Spectral consistency index of the expert estimation set

2.3.1. Account of expert's competence

2.3.2. Threshold values of spectral consistency index

2.3.2.1. Method for detection threshold calculation

2.3.2.2. Method for application threshold calculation

2.4. Calculation of the aggregated consistent expert estimate

Chapter 3 Individual decision making support in estimation of alternatives on qualitative criterion

3.1. Formulation of the problem

3.2. Direct estimation method

3.3. General features of pair comparison methods

3.4. Intrinsic consistency of pair comparisons results

3.5. Pair comparison algorithms without feedback to the expert

3.5.1. Pair comparison method "line"

3.5.2. Saaty's pair comparison method

3.5.3. Incomplete pair comparisons

3.6. Pair comparison methods with feedback to the expert

3.6.1. Pair comparison method "triangle" with feedback to the expert

3.6.2. Pair comparison method "square" with feedback to the expert

3.6.3. Method "square" for the fundamental scale. Linear dependence of relative weights on preference degrees

3.6.4. Method "square" for the fundamental scale. Hyperbolic dependence of relative weights on preference degrees. Aggregated estimate - mean arithmetic value

3.6.5. Method "square" for the fundamental scale. Hyperbolic dependence of relative weights on preference degrees. Aggregated estimate - mean geometric value

Chapter 4 Group decision making support in estimation of alternatives on qualitative criterion with account of expert's competence

4.1. Types of group decisions and conditions of their generation

4.2. Methods for determination of ordinal group estimates of alternatives

4.3. Methods for determination of cardinal group estimates of alternatives on qualitative criterion

4.3.1. Informal discussion of the problem

4.3.2. Determination of group cardinal estimates of alternatives by voting

4.3.3. Aggregation of results of individual pair comparisons in the fundamental scale

4.3.4. Determination of cardinal group estimates of alternative's significance with account of relative competence of experts

4.3.4.1. Formulation of the problem

4.3.4.2. Direct estimation method

4.3.4.3. Method "line"

4.3.4.4. Method "triangle"

4.3.4.4.1. Decomposition of pair comparison matrices

4.3.4.5. Method "square"

4.3.5. Group incomplete pair comparisons with account of expert's competence

4.3.5.1. Discussion of the problem

4.3.5.2. Formulation of the problem. Principle of the approach

4.3.5.3. Direct estimation method

4.3.5.4. Method "line"

4.3.5.5. Method "triangle"

4.3.5.6. Method "square"

Chapter 5 Estimation of relative competence in the discussed problem of the group members in group decision making

5.1. Discussion of the problem

5.2. Principle of the approach

5.3. Method for determination of keywords similarity indices of the discussed problem with the basic keywords

5.4. Method for determination of competence coefficient of the group member in respect to basic keywords

5.4.1. Slf-estimation of relative competence of group members

5.4.2. termination of the competence coefficients of the group members in respect to keywords with account of inter-estimation results

5.4.3. Method for determination of objective component of group member competence in respect to basic keywords

5.4.3.1. Principle of the approach

5.4.3.2. Method for construction of criteria hierarchy

5.4.3.3. Determination of the criteria significance indices

5.4.3.4. Calculation of integral objective component of the competence coefficient

5.4.4. Determination of integrated estimate of group member's competence

Chapter 6 Decision making support in estimation of alternatives on the set of criteria

6.1. Formulation of the problem

6.2. Formation of the criteria set

6.3. Main multi-criteria methods of decision making support

6.3.1. Method based on application of the value function

6.3.2. Substitution of estimates on criteria. Method ZAPROS

6.3.3. Method ELECTRE

6.3.4. Comparison of some multi-criteria decision making support methods

6.4. Decomposition of multi-criteria alternative estimation problems in the decision making support

Chapter 7 Support of group repetitive decisions with account of the experience of the application of preceding decisions

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Determination of predictable ordinal estimates of alternatives taking into account the experience of the decision making person

7.3. Determination of weights of alternative's estimates particular criteria with account of the DMP experience by the relation's residual sum minimisation technique

7.4. Determination of predictable cardinal estimates of alternatives with account of the experience of the decision making person

Chapter 8 Decision making support using method hierarchic goal estimation of alternatives

8.1. Formulation of the problem

8.2. Principle of the approach

8.3. Goal hierarchy

8.4. Goal types

8.4.1. Quantitative and qualitative goals

8.4.2. Compatible and incompatible goals

8.4.3. Linear and threshold goals

8.5. Construction of the goal hierarchy

8.6. Determination of partial influence coefficients of direct subgoals

8.6.1. Quantitative on output definite subgoals (QOD type)

8.6.2. Quantitative on output indefinite subgoals (QOI type)

8.6.3. Qualitative subgoals (Q type)

8.7. Method for calculation of alternatives (projects) potential efficiency relative indices

8.8. Method of hierarchic dynamic goal estimation of alternatives (projects)

8.8.1. Time-dependent partial coefficient of subgoal effect

8.8.2. Generalized goal model

8.8.3. Simple and combined alternatives

8.8.4. Determination of relative indices of alternative efficiency on the time interval

8.8.5. Determination of relative indices of alternative efficiency in indefinite conditions

8.9. Application of the method hierarchic goal estimation of alternatives for determination of perspective directions of program implementation and for formation of the project scope

8.10. General characteristic of the method hierarchic goal estimation of alternatives

8.11. Application of method of hierarchic dynamic goal estimation of alternatives for decision support in formation of the research and development plans

Chapter 9 Decision making support systems based on multi-criteria estimation of alternatives and some example of their application

9.1. Introduction

9.2. Decision making support system "Solon-MK" with additive decomposition of the problem

9.2.1. Concept of the system

9.2.2. Application of DMSS with additive problem decomposition for the decision making support in selection of the research and engineering projects

9.2.3. Application of DMSS with additive problem decomposition for the decision making support in selection of candidates for vacant position

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9.3. Decision making support system with Cartesian problem decomposition

9.3.1. Concept of the system

9.3.2. Application of DMSS with Cartesian problem decomposition

for the decision making support in the choice of profession

9.4. Decision making support system for repetitive decisions taking into account

the experience of decision making person, and examples of its application

9.4.1. Concept of the system

9.4.2. Application of the repetitive decision making support system taking into account the DMP experience for solution of staff recruiting problems

Chapter 10 Decision making support systems with goal estimation of alternatives and examples of their application

10.1. Technology of decision making support using DMSS "Solon-1", "Solon-2". The functional potentialities of DMSS

10.2. Decision making support for formation of complex target-oriented social programs supported by the International Fund "Vidrodzhennya"

10.3. Decision making support for formation of complex target-oriented program for increasing the competitive ability of national manufacture products

10.4. Decision making support for formation of complex target-oriented program for development of information technology in Ukraine

10.5. Technology of decision making support using DMSS with dynamic estimation of alternatives "Solon-3"

Conclusion

List of terms

List of abbreviations

References